Haircare Market in Africa by Product, Distribution Channel, and Geography – Forecast and Analysis 2020-2024
Technavio has been monitoring the haircare market in Africa and it is poised to grow by USD 936.32 million during 2020-2024, progressing at a CAGR of over 7% during the forecast period. The report offers an up-to-date analysis regarding the current market scenario, latest trends and drivers, and the overall market environment.
The figure below provides a good summary of the expected growth, and key market characteristics.
Assessing Saudi Vision 2030: A 2020 review – The Atlantic Council published an interesting review of the Saudi reform program, providing a comprehensive look at the state of the Vision 2030 effort.
The broad conclusions are…
Using Vision 2030’s own “Key Performance Indicators” (KPIs) where available, economic data on Saudi Arabia, and comparative national surveys, the authors attempt to objectively assess the progress and approach toward this reform program to date. What they find is that the Saudi government has invested a tremendous amount of energy, effort, and money in the Vision 2030 reforms, with some noteworthy achievements to date: namely in terms of fiscal stabilization and macroeconomic management, the development of capital markets and the banking system, the digitization of government services, and social reforms. In many other areas, however, reform efforts are falling short of their intended objectives, most notably in creating jobs and transforming the private sector into an engine of growth.
As for the Saudi government’s approach to reform, there is broad recognition that Saudi Arabia must change. However, when the authors spoke to officials in 2018 and 2019, there seemed less of a sense of urgency regarding the pace and a lack of understanding of the depth of the transformation required. The government has concentrated economic and political decision-making at the top and focused its efforts on using institutions like the Public Investment Fund (PIF) to attract foreign investment, so far without great success.
Saudi Arabia now faces another economic crisis, only six years after the 2014 oil price collapse, and it may feel the need to reevaluate some of its Vision 2030 programs.
Link to the study is found below. There is also an interesting video with a good discussion of the study’s key findings.
2-year Brexit extension costs U.K. £380bn, with more than half from deregulation – although Tories have not taken any steps to do so – so unclear how it will be achieved by within two years…
…the paper just represents another attempt at describing the size of the unicorn, but dealing with real life…like everything else on Brexit…
A think-tank has warned that an extension to the Brexit bill could cost the UK an eye-watering £378billion, as the country increases planning for no-deal after trade talks with the EU stalled last week.
Effects of Novel Coronavirus (COVID‐19) on Civil Aviation: Economic Impact Analysis – Scenario based study from ICAO on possible 2020 impacts
The latest estimates indicate that the possible COVID-19 impact on scheduled international passenger traffic for the first 9 months of 2020, compared to Baseline (business as usual, originally-planned), would be:
V-shaped path (a first sign of recovery in late May)
- – Overall reduction ranging from 41% to 56% of seats offered by airlines
- – Overall reduction of 705 to 963 million passengers
- – Approx. USD 160 to 218 billion potential loss of gross operating revenues of airlines
U-shaped path (restart in third quarter or later)
- – Overall reduction ranging from 57% to 67% of seats offered by airlines
- – Overall reduction of 961 to 1,117 million passengers
- – Approx. USD 218 to 253 billion potential loss of gross operating revenues of airlines
The impacts depend on duration and magnitude of the outbreak and containment measures, the degree of consumer confidence for air travel, and economic conditions, etc.
International Air Travel as an Indicator of COVID-19 Economic Recovery… if any enterprise is likely to be a leading indicator of economic expectations, it seems that the airline industry is a good candidate
9/11 attacks provide a good reference point for international air travel, it took the aviation industry months to resume normal operations. Much the same can be expected when it comes to post-COVID-19 travel. Fear will diminish interest in travel, aviation systems will be disrupted and new health measures will need to be deployed. Indeed, if anything, the continuing virus-related disruptions may be deeper and longer-lasting than those that followed the 9/11 attacks.